Maya 2012 Recommendations
"The Great Cycle in the Maya Cosmology, is a fifth and final cycle in the 26,000-year Precession of the Equinoxes, except that the Mayans measured it from the Winter Solstice instead of the Spring Equinox. "On 188.8.131.52.0, the December solstice sun will be found in the band of the Milky Way. We can call this an alignment between the galactic plane and the solstice meridian. This is an event that has slowly converged over a period of thousands of years, and is caused by the precession of the equinoxes. The place where the December solstice sun crosses the Milky Way is precisely the location of the "dark-rift in the Milky Way...'Xibalbá be' - the road to the underworld."
Maya Goddess Scorpion (Mother Scorpion) who dwells at the end of the Milky Way
"The Sacred Tree was known to the ancient K'iché simply as "Crossroads." It seems that when a planet, the sun, or the moon entered the dark cleft of the Milky Way in Sagittarius (which happens to be the exact center of the Milky Way, the Galactic Equator), entrance to the underworld road was possible, which could then take the journeyer up to the Heart of Sky."
The Maya calendar is a system of distinct calendars and almanacs used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and by some modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala.
Maya were consummated astronomers and had at least 20 calendars, based on several astrological movements, but actually used two main calendars, a sacred year of 260 days and a vague year of 365 days.
|Diagram that shows the course of the sun in the sky|
Behold the circle in the center, the one that is white. It means that it locates where the Sun is traveling. The double wheels surrounding it, the black ones, signify that the face of the Sun progresses along the greater black circle and it goes down to the small black one. Likewise, it is the same as to how it goes and how it walks (progresses) here too in the world on land. And so it is how one sees the marching of the Sun in all parts of the country. In order to walk it takes a real elongated mug and enters it through the widest part, which is the edge of the land. Such is the Kahlay of the Sun, as one knows here.
These calendars can be synchronised and interlocked in many ways, their combinations giving rise to further, more extensive cycles. The essentials of the Maya calendric system are based upon a system which had been in common use throughout the region, dating back to at least the 6th century BCE. Along with those of the Aztecs, the Maya calendars are the best-documented and most completely understood.
“The Maya were legendary astronomers and timekeepers — their calendar is more accurate than our own. By tracking the stars and planets they assigned great meaning to astronomical phenomena and made extraordinary predictions based on them — many of which have come true.”
Diagram representing an eclipse of the Sun
It appears to the men that at their sides is that half circle in which is described how the Sun is bitten into. What bites into it, is that it is matched with the Moon, which goes attracted by it (the Sun), before biting it. It arrives through its path to the north, large, and then they become one and the Sun and Moon bite each other, before arriving at the "trunk of the Sun." It is explained this way so that Maya men can understand what happens to the Sun and to the Moon.
On the winter solstice December 21, 2012, Mayan astronomers and timekeepers predict a rare astronomical event occurring that will herald a profound world change or end of the world as we know it. The Mayans are not alone. Spanning thousands of years back through history, oracles seem to have made the same time specific predictions about a significant world change.
The Milky Way was much venerated by the Maya. They called it the World Tree, which was represented by a tall and majestic flowering tree, the Ceiba. The Milky Way was called the Wakah Chan. Wak means "Six" or "Erect". Chan or K'an means "Four", "Serpent" or "Sky". The World Tree was erect when Sagittarius was well over the horizon. At this time the Milky Way rose up from the horizon and climbed overhead into the North.
The star clouds that form the Milky Way were seen as the tree of life where all life came from. Near Sagittarius, the center of our galaxy, where the World Tree meets the Ecliptic was given special attention by the Maya. A major element of the World Tree include the K'awak Monster, a giant head with a kin in its forehead. This monster was also a mountain or Witz monster.
A sacrificial bowl on its head contains a flint blade representing sacrifice, and the Kimi glyph that represents death. The Ecliptic is sometimes represented as a bar crossing the major axis of the world tree, making a form that is similar to the Christian Cross. On top of the World Tree we find a bird that has been called, the Principal Bird deity, or Itzam Ye. There is also evidence that shows the Sun on the World Tree as it appeared to the Maya at Winter Solstice.